Be on your guard ladies! Indian worst hit. Women are highly prone to depression, a significant contributor to disease and even suicidal tendencies .
According to WHO Indians are among the worlds most depressed. A study conducted by global watchdogs found that while around 9% of people in India reported having an extended period of depression within their lifetime, around 36% suffered from what is called major depressive episode (MDE). Also, the study also found varying patterns of symptom progression; that long-term increased symptoms of depression are associated with higher mortality rates; and that initially moderate symptoms in men tend to become worse over time. “…we can’t pinpoint exactly why depression is more common among women…,” said lead author Salma Ayis from the School of Population Health and Environmental Sciences at King’s College London in UK.
Here are the 5 main reasons to take care of:
1. Biological Makeup
Women are subjected to the fluctuating hormonal changes throughout their life, especially during menstruation, childbirth, and menopause.
Girls who typically reach puberty at an earlier age than boys show signs of depression on the onset of puberty due to emerging sexuality, identity issues, conflict with parents, etc.
During pregnancy, dramatic changes in hormones due to factors such as unwanted pregnancy, miscarriage, lifestyle changes, infertility, and the lack of social support can stress women to the point of severe depression.
2. Sociocultural Reasons
In developing countries like India, societal pressure adds to the biological factors as reasons for mental stress in women. In a nation where more than half of the population resides in villages and small towns, women are constantly subjected to the psychological pressure that determines gender disadvantage for them. This pressure comes from external factors such as early marriages, low levels of support from one’s family, and stigmas.
3. Lack Of Access
A report compiled by the Dasra in 2016, revealed that 63 million, out of India’s 120 million adolescent girls, lack access to a private toilet which is the reason of 23% dropouts from schools.
4. Violence And Sexual Abuse
According to a United Nations report, approximately two-third of married women in India are victims of domestic violence. Additionally, as many as 70% of married women between the ages of 15 and 49 years are victims of beatings, rape or coerced sex.
5. Socio-Political Reasons
A survey report released by Medicines Sans Frontiers (MSF) claims that one in five adults in Kashmir is living with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and that the prevalence of mental distress is significantly higher among women. While there are several surveys done for