China is known as one of the world’s superpowers in terms of astronomical reach. With its new project that aims to explore the other side of the moon, here are the three points the mission is expected to cover.
• Learn about the Moon’s history: Till date, none of the space expeditions have tried to explore the other side of the moon so what lies on the other side of the only natural satellite of earth is still a mystery to us. Owing to scientists’ predictions and from some facts, the other side of the moon is quite similar to the side which is known to us. However, it is predicted to be thicker and contains a lot of craters. In this particular mission, the space rovers with the help of their panoramic camera will identify the new locations and with the help of the Visible and Near-Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (VNIS) will study the types of minerals which can be found on the crater. Moreover, the additional Lunar Penetrating Radar (LPR) instrument will help the astronauts to dwell into a surface of 100 meters into the surface of the moon.
• Filling in the astronomy gap: The scientists have always believed that the other side of the moon is perfect for carrying out low-frequency radio astronomical procedures as it will shield from the Earth’s radio noise and hence will boost the accuracy. Owing to the natural factors of Earth, radio astronomical procedures below the frequency range of 10MHz cannot be conducted on the Earth’s surface. Hence this mission will help the scientist to conduct a number of experiments which cannot be conducted on the Earth’s surface.
• How the Radiation on the Moon will impact human life on the satellite: This mission aims at the types of radiations the astronauts will be exposed to on the moon’s surface. The scientists want to explore the possibilities of the dire situations which can be experienced on Moon where human life will be exposed to particles traveling near the speed of light and which can pose a potential threat to human life.